In the Czech Republic, accession protocols are formal international treaties of a presidential type. Both Houses approve the ratification, and this represents the subsequent signature of the President of the Republic. Zeman had previously supported the entry of both countries into NATO.

Representatives approved the protocols at a Friday-Saturday night meeting, and senators have already voted to expand NATO on August 10. In both houses of Parliament, a clear majority of its members spoke in favor of entering the Nordic countries.


Flags of Finland (left) and Sweden at NATO headquarters in Brussels, May 18, 2022.

Sweden and Finland will begin negotiations with Turkey on the terms of their accession to NATO

The protocols for the accession of Finland and Sweden were signed in July by representatives of 30 NATO member states. By doing so, they took a decisive step toward being accepted into the alliance. In order for both countries to become members, documents of accession must be ratified by all allied nations, and most have already done so.

Turkey had the biggest comments. It traded for ratification to fulfill its demands linked to Kurdish members of groups Ankara classifies as terrorist. Since then, Turkish officials have promised, among other things, to extradite 33 people, among whom are members of alleged terrorist organizations. Among them, Ankara includes, for example, the Kurdish People’s Protection Units in Syria, the organization of the cleric Fethullah Gulen or the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which is also on the list of terrorist groups in the United States and the European Union.

However, according to Turkey’s Minister of Justice Bekir Bozdag, Sweden has only extradited “common criminals” so far. At the end of July, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan also criticized Stockholm for not being sufficiently involved in the fight against terrorism.